Paris Peace Accords 23 Oct. 1991

Saturday, March 7, 2015

[Vietnamization] GENOCIDE under the cover of GENOCIDES

Seen and heard on Ms. Theary C. Seng's Facebook accounts:

GENOCIDE under the cover of GENOCIDE 

MASS CRIMES, GENOCIDE and ETHNIC CLEANSING took place with impunity to the present day during the 10 years of the Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia.

GENOCIDE: Any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:

(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.

ETHNIC CLEANSING: The deliberate and systematic removal of a racial, political, or cultural group from a specific geographical area.

April 1975 - 6 January 1979: KHMER ROUGE GENOCIDE*


FIRST, by blocking/preventing and then diverting emergency international aid during 2 years of FAMINE (1979, 1980) to Cambodian survivors (in the words of William Shawcross, "awful spindly creatures, with no flesh and with wide vacant eyes, stumbling out of the forests and the mountains... In many cases they were so badly starved that their bodies were consuming themselves")' and

SECOND, as Vietnam continued diverting international aid, it unfolded the K5 Plan beginning in 1981 by approaching its appointed 1st Prime Minister Pen Sovan (arrested, imprisoned him in Hanoi when he refused), then its 2nd appointed PM, formerly Defense Minister Chan Si (killed him while in office when he also refused) and finally had it implemented when Hun Sen replaced Chan Si as Vietnam's 3rd appointed Prime Minister, who up till then had been Foreign Minister meeting every morning with the Vietnamese Ambassador for instructions from Hanoi and who had personally led the Vietnamese soldiers to arrest Pen Sovan),

The INTENTION of the K5 Plan is DESTRUCTION of the Khmer race, to kill off Cambodian male survivors between the ages of 18 -45, at times younger, the "healthier" males among the "awful spindly creatures, with no flesh and wide vacant eyes" to mine-infested, malaria-infested Thai border areas under the pretext of building a security wall along the lengthy border shared with Thailand, out of BAMBOO (!!).

Over 1,500,000 (1.5 million-plus males out of a TOTAL male-female population of less than 4.5 million survivors who had not died under 4 years of Khmer Rouge and 2 years of famine with Vietnam blocking/diverting emergency aid) were rounded up and marched across the country to do forced labor.

Cambodians were not only malnourished but the women not menstruating from genocide and famine.

CAMBODIA'S CURSE (Joel Brinkley): "Human rights groups estimated that 650,000 more people had died in the year following the fall of the Khmer Rouge."

Thus, in 1979-1980, Cambodia had a population of less than 4 million (5 M survivors MINUS these 650,000 deaths MINUS another 500,00-plus refugees who went to Europe, US, Canada, Australia, NZ or were stuck in the Thai camps).

Unknown hundreds of thousands died.

CAMBODIA After the Khmer Rouge: Inside the Politics of Nation Building by Evan Gottesman is the only book in English that covers the period of Vietnamese occupation, 1979-89. However, it is predominately a documentary review of “minutes of meetings” that Vietnam allowed to be left behind. Whereas, “[m]any of the highest-level Party documents, in particular Politburo documents, are still inaccessible,” as acknowledged once by the author in the preface, for “Vietnamese authorities took many Cambodian Communist Party documents to Vietnam in 1989, when they withdrew from the country.” Unsurprisingly, the book offers scant or no information on the K-5 genocide and other atrocities committed in the throes of occupation under this other closed communist power.

WHY VIETNAM INVADED CAMBODIA: Political Culture and the Causes of War devotes one chapter to “The Consequences of the Vietnamese Invasion”. Its preface cautions us that “some of the important primary sources are compromised” and those “made available have not come from free scholarly access to open archives but were released after careful scrutiny by Vietnamese communist leaders, who have a vital interest in the kind of history that will be written.” 

CAMBODIA: A Shattered Society is a translation from the French that devotes almost two chapters to the crimes of the Vietnamese occupation period.

The K-5 Genocide

Esmeralda Luciolli's book "Le Mur de Bambou - Le Cambodge après Pol Pot" (The Bamboo Wall: Cambodia after Pol Pot)

K-5 Genocide came to an end only with the end of the Cold War in 1989 with the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the patron of Vietnam, when international pressure forced Vietnam to withdraw from Cambodia.

Work on what the Cambodians called the "K-5" project was essentially slave labor, and conditions in the malaria-infested and heavily mined border regions were appalling and dangerous. A minimum of 50,000 "volunteers" were estimated to have succumbed to yellow fever alone by the end of 1986, prompting one Western observer to refer to the campaign as the "new genocide."

According to one estimate, at least one million people participated in the labor from September 1984 to end of 1986. The ninth contingent left for the border in October 1986. Each contingent numbered an average of 120,000 persons. The mortality rate from malaria amounted to around 5%, so there would have been a minimum of 50,000 dead from malaria alone during this period.  

I am only recently made aware of ONE OTHER BOOK covering the Vietnamese occupation period, “The People’s Republic of Kampuchea 1979-1989” by Marxist author Margaret Slocomb, a student of Michael Vickery (a man who called my great uncle and other refugees liars and with whom I once had a heated discussion at Hurley’s Cantina in 2006 - more like a shouting match on the topic of pornography (!)). I highly doubt she viewed the period as “occupation” given her sympathy to the PRK and thus the book’s quality, but I will read it.

"Australian historian Margaret Slocomb is a conscientious Marxist scholar who has now produced three monographs and various articles on Cambodian history. She is also a development worker who began working in Cambodia in 1988, when Pol Pot’s forces were still fighting against the People’s Republic of Kampuchea (PRK) regime that had—with the considerable assistance of the Vietnamese army—ousted the DK regime. A student of historian Michael Vickery, Slocomb belongs to a younger generation than the candle-burned Cambodia-watchers mentioned above. As her first few years in Cambodia were spent working in a state that was subject to roughly a decade of armed attacks and international embargo, it is not surprising that she would sympathize with the beleaguered if not particularly competent PRK regime. In her 2003 monograph The People’s Republic of Kampuchea 1979-1989, she uses an explicit Gramscian framework. By way of comparison, Evan Gottesman’s Cambodia after the Khmer Rouge: Inside the Politics of Nation Building offers a more perceptive and balanced view of the PRK regime." - John V, Dennis

WANTED: Mature scholars, even if young. Here's an area for research and new books to be written where the witnesses and survivors are still living.

See more Vietnamization

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