Paris Peace Accords 23 Oct. 1991

Monday, August 14, 2017

[Vietnamization: Indochina, Military] Cambodia: Vietnamese Strategy and the New Realities - CIA declassified document


Sam Rainsy: រឿងព្រំដែន ជាមួយ ប្រទេស លាវ | Border issue with Laos

Cambodia PM gives ultimatum to Laos over 'invasion'

Cambodia: Vietnamese Strategy and the New Realities
The Central Intelligence Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency, the National Security Agency, and the intelligence organization of the Department of State.

2. Hanoi has made a huge investment in Cambodia, and we believe that before it is willing to consider compromise seriously it will have to be assured that its investment is protected.
In general terms this means essential control over Cambodia (and Laos) with minimum practicable visibility. We believe that before significantly reducing its troop strength in Cambodia

Hanoi will insist that both Cambodia and Laos heed its direction and leadership under the rubric of "special relationship." In our judgment, it will not hesitate to wield a heavy hand

19. At the same time, Hanoi has taken a generally harsh approach toward Thailand, castigating Bangkok for cooperating with China in aiding the Khmer Rouge and for allowing the resistance to use Thai territory.
Through its Laos surrogate it has attempted to exploit a dispute involving three villages on the Thai-Laotian borderto put Bangkok on the defensive in the UN and embarrass ASEAN members in the Non-aligned Movement. There are also elements of overt intimidation in the increased frequency of Vietnamese[…]

41. Our judgment...Significant Vietnamese force reductions would be possible, although a substantial military presence albeit disguised in some way, will still be required for joint anti-insurgent operations and a large contingent of civilian advisers will be used to oversee the Heng Samrin apparatchiks. We note that in Laos there are roughly 45,000 Vietnamese troops and several thousand civilian advisers. The residual Vietnamese presence in Cambodia will probably would not be less than this.


  1. Anonymous11:22 AM

    Wrong, Thailand was not on the defense. Thailand invaded and took the 3 villages. Laos counterattacked and retook them.

    1. Anonymous12:19 AM

      And you were then a CIA agent on site to have known all that, right?

  2. Anonymous8:22 AM

    No, I had contacts in North Vietnamese command. North Vietnamese deployed troops at Laos vital points including the Capital to allow Laos to concentrate all of their best troops at the contesting villages. That's how Laos won.

    Without Vietnamese troops, Thais could easily sneak attack else where and wreck havoc Laos army.

    Same thing happened to Cambodia. When Thailand moved heavy armors and jet fighters toward the west of Palin and Battambang to threat Cambodia with a thrust. Vietnam moved a few special units to deploy as a check. Thus, Cambodian troops can still maintain at Preah Vihear.

  3. Anonymous8:24 AM

    Once Thailand realized what happened, they concentrated their best troops toward the 3 contesting villages. But by then, it's too late, Laos troops already dug in and repelled a couple heavy assaults by the Thais. Thais suffered huge casualties then quit.

    Rumors were there were Vietnamese commanders embedded inside the Laos troops in the 3 villages.